Dates will be added with each new show
1142, August 31 or 1451, June 28 The Confederacy is founded.
1608 Champlain founds Quebec City.
1609 Battle between Champlain and Mohawks near Fort Ticonderoga.
1610, June 19 The Battle of Sorel occurred with Champlain coming to join a fight in progress against a Mohawk raiding party.
1613 The Two Row Wampum Treaty, also known as Tawagonshi Agreement of 1613 between the Dutch and Mohawk is made.
1614 The Dutch establish a trading post on Castle Island known as Fort Nassau in the Hudson River.
1615 Champlain joins a Huron war party and takes part in a siege among the Onondaga town. (Modern day Syracuse) The attack ultimately fails, and Champlain is wounded.
1624 The Dutch West Indian Company establishes a new trading post and settlement, Fort Orange.
1628 The Mohawk defeat the Mahican and establish a monopoly of trade with the Dutch at Fort Orange.
1629 The Mahican sell most of their land around Fort Orange to the Dutch West India Company.
1634 The Oneida invite three Dutch traders from Fort Orange to their main settlement. Including Harmen Van der Bogart.
1635 A delegation of Onondaga meet with Dutch traders at the main Oneida town.
1638 The Iroquois attack the Wenro.
1639 Peter Minuit Founds New Sweden.
1640 The English as a part of their efforts to lure the Iroquous away from the Dutch begin trading guns. The Dutch responded by trading large amounts of firearms and ammunition to the nations of the Iroquois Confederacy and to the Mahican.
1641 Mohawks travel to Trois-Rivières in New France to propose peace with the French and their allied tribes. They asked the French to set up a trading post in Iroquoia. Governor Montmagny rejects this proposal because it would imply abandonment of their Huron allies.
1645 The Mohawk learn to repair their own guns and casting their own shot from lead bars purchased from the Dutch.
1645 The French call the Five Nation together to negotiate a treaty to end the conflict. Two Iroquois leaders, Deganaweida and Koiseaton, travel to New France to take part in the negotiations. The French agree to most of the Iroquois demands, and grant them trading rights in New France.
1646 A fleet of eighty canoes carrying a large harvest of furs travel through Iroquois territory to be sold in New France. When the Iroquois arrive, the French refuse to purchase the furs and tell the Iroquois to sell them to the Huron, who would act as a middleman. Outraged, the Iroquois resume the war.
1646 Jesuit missionaries at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons travel as envoys to the Mohawk lands to protect the fragile peace of the time. Mohawk attitudes toward the peace sour while the Jesuits' are traveling and the party is attacked by Mohawk warriors en route. The missionaries are taken to the village of Ossernenon, where the moderate Turtle and Wolf clans recommend setting the priests free. Angered, members of the Bear clan kill Jean de Lalande and Isaac Jogues on October 18, 1646. The Catholic Church has commemorated the two French priests as among the eight North American Martyrs.
1647 The Huron and Susquehannock form an alliance to counter Iroquois aggression. Together their warriors greatly outnumber those of the Iroquois. The Huron tries to break the Iroquois Confederacy by negotiating separate peaces with the Onondaga and the Cayuga. When the other tribes intercept their messengers, they put an end to the negotiations. During the summer of 1647 there are several small skirmishes between the tribes.
1648 A more significant battle occurs when the two Algonquin tribes attempt to pass a fur convoy through an Iroquois blockade. Their attempt succeeded and they inflicted high casualties on the Iroquois.
1648 The Dutch authorize selling guns directly to the Mohawk rather than through traders, and promptly sell 400 to the Iroquois.
1648 Confederacy send 1,000 newly armed warriors through the woods to Huron territory. With the onset of winter, the Iroquois warriors launch a devastating attack into the heart of Huron territory, destroying several key villages, killing many warriors and taking thousands of people captive, for later adoption. Among those killed are the Jesuit missionaries Jean Brebeuf, Charles Garnier, and Gabriel Lallemant. Each is considered a martyr of the Roman Catholic Church.
1648 The Mohawk successfully sue and receive compensation from Harmen Van der Bogart's estate in a lawsuit after he burned one of their storage barns while fleeing from Fort Orange on child sodomy charges.
1649 The Dutch supply the Iroquois with 400 guns and unlimited ammunition on credit.
1649, March 16 A Haudenosaunee war party of about 1000 enter Wendake and burn the Huron mission villages of St. Ignace and St. Louis in present-day Simcoe County, Ontario, killing about 300 people. They also kill many of the Jesuit missionaries, who have since been honored as North American Martyrs. The surviving Jesuits burn the mission after abandoning it to prevent its capture.
May 1, 1649, the Huron burn 15 of their villages to prevent their stores from being taken and flee as refugees to surrounding tribes. About 10,000 flee to Gahoendoe (now also called Christian Island). Most who flee to the island starve over the winter, as it is a non-productive settlement and could not provide for them. After spending the bitter winter of 1649–50 on the island, surviving Huron relocate near Quebec City, where they settled at Wendake. Absorbing other refugees, they became the Huron-Wendat Nation. Some Huron, along with the surviving Petun, whose villages the Iroquois attacked in the fall of 1649, flee to the upper Lake Michigan region, settling first at Green Bay, then at Michilimackinac.
1651 the Iroquois attacked the Susquehannocks, without sustained success.
1652 Father Jacques Buteux was killed along with a Frenchman accompanying him named Fontarabie by a Mohawk raiding party.
1653 Lauzon the Governor of New France negotiates a peace treaty with the Mohawk.
1654 The French are invited to establish a trading and missionary settlement at Onondaga.
1654 The Erie Nation is defeated and assimilated.
1655 New Sweden is conquered by New Netherlands.
1656, Jesuit Father Pierre-Joseph-Marie Chaumonot traveled from the Cayuga nation to the Seneca nation. Then, "Having assembled all the Elders of Gandagan, the principal village of Sonnontouan [the Seneca], and having bestowed the presents that are usually given as tokens of alliance, he commenced in a fervent and loud tone to explain the principal truths of the Gospel, which he sealed with the three finest presents of all, which he had reserved for this purpose
1660 The Battle of Long Sault occurred over a five-day period in early May 1660 during the Beaver Wars. It was fought between Canadian militia, with their Huron and Algonquin allies, against the Iroquois Confederacy.
May 1660 an Iroquois force of 160 warriors attacked Montreal and captured 17 colonists.
1663 The Iroquois send an army of 800 warriors into the Susquehannock territory. They are repulsed, but the invasion prompts the colony of Maryland to declare war on the Iroquois.
1663 the Iroquois are at war with the Sokoki tribe of the upper Connecticut River.
1664 The English colonists in New England attempte to incite a general war in the Hudson Valley. They encourage the New England tribes to go to war against the Mohawk and to coordinate a general Indian uprising against the Dutch to coincide with an English invasion from Massachusetts.
The English take New York from the Dutch in 1664 and sign a treaty with the Mohawk. The Mohawk continue to trade with the Dutch traders at Albany who remain to carry on their business under the English flag.
January 1666, the French invade the Mohawk homeland. The first invasion force, of 400 or 500 men, was led by Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle. His men were greatly outnumbered by the Iroquois and were forced to withdraw before any significant action could take place. Being woefully supplied and defeated by harsh winter conditions.
Fall 1666 A second invasion force is led by the aristocrat Alexandre de Prouville, the "Marquis de Tracy" Upon arriving at the Mohawk villages and finding them deserted, they destroy four villages and their crops. Tracy "claims" all the Mohawk lands in the name of the king of France. With their immediate European support cut off, the Iroquois sue for peace, to which France agree to.
1667, the remaining two Iroquois Nations sign a peace treaty with the French and agree to allow their missionaries to visit their villages. This treaty lasts for 17 years.
Around 1670, the Iroquois drive the Siouan Mannahoac tribe out of the northern Virginia Piedmont region. They begin to claim ownership of the territory by right of conquest.
1672, the Iroquois are defeated by a war party of Susquehannock.
1674 the English in Maryland change their Indian Policy and negotiate a peace with the Iroquois. They terminate their alliance with the Susquehannock.
1676 Garacontié dies at Onondaga
1676 Bacon's Rebellion takes place.
1677 The Iroquois assimilate the Susquehannock
1677, the Iroquois form an alliance with the English through an agreement known as the Covenant Chain. Together, they battle to a standstill the French, The Iroquois colonize the northern shore of Lake Ontario and sent raiding parties westward all the way to Illinois Country.
1684 The Seneca force the missionaries to leave.
1684, the Iroquois invade Virginia and Illinois territory again, and unsuccessfully attack French outposts. The Virginia Colony agrees at Albany to recognize the Iroquois' right to use the North-South path running east of the Blue Ridge (later the Old Carolina Road), provided they did not intrude on the English settlements east of the fall line.
June 1687, Governor Denonville and Pierre de Troyes set out with a well-organized force to Fort Frontenac.
July 1687 Denonville invades the land of the Seneca, including their capital of Ganondagan. Three Rivers Mohawk join led by Canaqueese the Flemish Bastard. They travelled down the shore of Lake Ontario and created Fort Denonville at the site where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario. This site was previously used by La Salle for a fort named Fort Conti from 1678 to 1679, and was later used for Fort Niagara, which still exists to this day.
August 4, 1689, For revenge the Iroquios attack Lachine, a small town adjacent to Montreal, it is burned to the ground. Denonville was finally exhausted and defeated.
1690 Frontenac, New France and his Indian allies attack English frontier settlements in early 1690, most notably at Schenectady.
1691 Battle of La Prairie.
1691 Chief Hendrick Theyanoguin of the Mohawk is born.
Feb 1692 Mohawk Valley raid.
October 22, 1692 14 year old Marie-Madeleine Jarret defends against an Iroquois attack at Fort Verchères on the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1701 The Great Peace of Montreal is signed.
1710 The "Four Mohawk Kings" to travel to London
1710 Oskanondonha - Shenandoah Oneida Chief is born
Sept 22 1711 The Tuscarora War begins
1713 The Battle at Fort Neo-he-ro-ka
11 February 1715 The Tuscarora War Ends
1722, Lt. Governor Alexander Spotswood of Virginia concluds a new Treaty at Albany with the Iroquois, renewing the Covenant Chain and agreeing to recognize the Blue Ridge as the demarcation between Virginia Colony and the Iroquois.
1722 The Tuscarora flee NC and join the Iroquois
1723 c. Logan the Orator is born
1725 Guyasuta is born in Western NY
1735 Hendrick Tejonihokarawa (Tay yon’ a ho ga rau’ a), also known as Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row and Hendrick Peters dies
1735 Handsome Lake is born.
1737 The sons of William Penn commit the "Walking Purchase" Land Fraud. The Delaware (Lenepe) are forced to move west.
1738 William Johnson arrives in Mohawk vally.
1741 Simon Girty Katepacomen the “White Savage” is born.
1742 Cornplanter is born.
1743, Virginia Governor Gooch pays the Iroquois the sum of 100 pounds sterling for any settled land in the Valley that was claimed by the Iroquois.
1743 Joseph Brant is born.
1744 Lancaster Treaty Council An important treaty councils between the Iroquois, their allies and delegates of the middle Atlantic colonies, PA, and VA. In the Summer of 1744 Lancaster was a frontier settlement at the time.
1748 Shikellamy (Swatana) dies.
1750 Red Jacket is born.
1753 George Washington carries Virginia’s ultimatum over French encroachment to Captain Legardeau de Saint-Pierre at Riviere aux Boeufs. He rejects it.
May 1754: Washington ambushes Jumonville. The Half-King then kills the French officer.
July 4 1754: The French take Fort Necessity. Washington surrenders and returns to Virginia.
June 1755: The British seize Acadia (Nova Scotia).
July 1755: British General Braddock’s forces are defeated. He is mortally wounded near Fort Duquesne in Pennsylvania.
July 1755: British Col. William Johnson arrives at the Great Carrying Place to build a fortified storehouse. Col. Phineas Lyman takes over to complete construction of Fort Lyman which would later become Fort Edward.
Aug. 1755: William Johnson arrives at Lac du Saint Sacrament and changes the name to Lake George. Begins work on a fortification named Fort William Henry.
Sept 9, 1755: William Johnson’s forces are engaged in several battles that would collectively be known as the Battle of Lake George. Including the Bloody Morning Scout, an ambush that resulted in the death of British Col. Ephraim Williams and Mohawk King Hendrick. A later engagement would be called the Battle of Bloody Pond. Johnson’s forces win the day making him the first British hero of the war.
May 1756: War is officially declared between Great Britain and France.
June 1756 Fort Oswego falls to the French
August 1757 Fort William Henry falls to the French.
July 6, 1758 The British are defeated at Ticonderoga with thousands of casualties.
August 28, 1758 Fort Frontenac Falls to the British
October 1758 William Johnson and 15 Native nations ratify the Treaty of Easton. Taking many Native tribes out of the war against the English.
November 24, 1758 The French burn and retreat from the Forks of the Ohio. George Washington and General Forbes enter the ruins the following day.
June 25, 1759 The French outpost Fort Niagara falls to a Anglo-Iroquois forces.
September 1759 Quebec falls
Sept 15, 1760 The Functional end of the French and Indian War. The British flag is raised over Detroit.
Feb 10, 1763: Treaty of Paris – All French possessions east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans, are given to the British. All French possessions west of the Mississippi are given to the Spanish. France regains Martinique, Guadeloupe and St. Lucia.
May 1763 Pontiac and Guyasuta's War against the British begins with for Detroit being put under siege. Soon dozens of British outposts will be captured by numerous Native Nations.
October 1763 King George III of Great Britain signs the Proclamation of 1763. Instructing all lands in North America beyond the Appalachians to be reserved for Native Nations.
December 1763 The Rebel Paxton Boys kill dozens of innocent Iroquois at Conestoga.
1768 The Treaty of Fort Stanwix cedes lands to the south and west to the British colonies. The Six Nations are paid for it but the treaty does not consult the Shawnee or Western Delaware people who live beyond the Appalachians.
March 5, 1770 Crispus Attucks and Afro-Native American is the first killed in the Boston Massacre.
1773 The Boston Tea Party - A group known at the Sons of Liberty dress as Mohawks and in the night dump a shipment of East India Company tea in Boston Harbor.
1774 The Cayuga Mingo man known as Logan the Orator. Hears that his family is killed by Virginian settlers. This begins "Lord Dunmore's War"
July 11, 1774 Sir William Johnson dies from a stroke at a Six Nations conference.
June 11, 1776 A delegation from the Six Nations travels to Philadelphia and speaks before the Continental Congress. They bestow an Onondaga Name to John Hancock.
July 2, 1776 The Second Continental Congress declares independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
January 1777 The Grand Council at Onondaga is unable to come to a consensus and extinguishes the fire while the Six Nations determine what is best for each of them.
August 3, 1777 Barry St. Ledger and Joseph Brant lead a British-Iroquois force to the Oneida Carry and surround the American held Fort Stanwix.
August 6, 1777 The Battle of Oriskany is fought. It will be one of the bloodiest battles in the North American theater of the American Revolutionary War. Joseph Brant's British-Iroquois force attacks Nicholas Herkimer and Han Yerry's American-Iroquois relief force before they can relieve Fort Stanwix.
August 22, 1777 St. Ledger is forced to retreat from Fort Stanwix.
September 19, 1777 The Battle of Freedman's Farm
October 7, 1777 The Battle of Bemis Heights
October 17, 1777 John Burgoyne surrenders his entire army at Saratoga to American forces.
778 May 30th Battle of Cobleskill
1778 Sep 17th Attack on German Flatts
1778 July 3rd The Battle of Wyoming Valley
1778 Oct American Raid on Unadilla and Onaquaga
1778 November 11th Cherry Valley Massacre
July 22, 1779 The Battle of Minisink
1779 The Sullivan Expedition is launched
August 26, 1779 the Battle of Chemung
Sept. 14-15, 1779 Little Beard's town is destroyed
1780 Logan the Orator son of Swatana is murdered by his nephew near Detroit
1781 the Battle of Johnstown on the Mohawk River
1786 Sayenqueraghta “Old Smoke" dies
1791 (after) Queen Catharine Montour dies
1794 Guyasuta dies in Corydon, PA
1796 April 16 Mary “Molly” Brant dies
November 11, 1794 The Treaty of Canandaigua is signed
1798 Gai-ya-sot-ha dies
1805 Red Jacket speaks before Congress
1806 Little Beard dies
1807 Joseph Brant dies
November 7, 1811 The Battle of Tippecanoe
1812 The War of 1812 begins
1815 Handsome Lake the spiritual leader dies
1816 Shenandoah dies
February 18, 1818 Simon Girty “The White Savage” dies in Grand River. Totally blind.
1828 Ely Samuel Parker is born Grandson of Red Jacket
January 20, 1830 Red Jacket Dies
1836 Cornplanter dies
1838 Daniel Bread (1800-1873) helps negotiate a treaty for the Oneida in Wisconsin
1840's Iroquois Refugees share Gospel with Flathead Indians.
1856 Jimmy Johnson. Sos-heo-wa dies
1859 Governor Blacksnake dies "Thaonawyuthe" "Chainbreaker"
Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought on the morning of April 9, 1865 Ely S Parker is there to see Grant's surrender
1869 Grant appoints Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Nikon “Old Mosquito" dies at 105 last of the Tutelos adopted by the Cayuga
January 15, 1877 Samuel Parker dies at the age of 104 years
1880 Laura Cornelius Kellogg is born
1882 Clinton Rickard is born
August 31, 1895 Ely S Parker dies
1917 The Grand Council of the Iroquois Confederacy declares war on Germany
1926, Chief Clinton Rickards founds the Indian Defense League with Chief David Hill, Jr. and Sophie Martin
1942 The Grand Council of the Iroquois Confederacy declares war on Germany
1958 the Power Authority of New York announced plans to flood approximately one-fifth of [the Tuscarora Reservation]
2016, February 22 Two brothers launch a podcast with the aim of educating the world about the tales, history, and culture of the Haudenosaunee.