In 1675 an argument about lack of payment between a colonist and the Doeg Indians sets a series of events in motion that launches Bacon's Rebellion. In the aftermath the Five Nations will fill the power vacuum and become a great power in the Northeast.
How on earth did the Swedes end up in North America? This episode covers the complex diplomacy involving New Sweden, the English colonies, New Netherlands, the Susquehannock, the Lenape and the Five Nations.
In the 1660's the French made a plan to deal with the Mohawk once and for all. By once and for all we mean it will take them three expeditions to finally make it to a Mohawk town. Will the Keepers of the Eastern Door survive the onslaught of a fully trained French army on its way across the ocean?
In 1660 the Iroquois and French meet at the Battle of Long Sault on the Ottawa River. Will the French be able to break the fur blockade and if so at what cost? And was this battle really what they teach in history class?
While the Haudenosaunee prepare armies to invade the Erie homeland they make sure that the French will not be a problem while they are away.
The dwindling number of beavers in New York along with raids from other nations forces the Iroquois into wars in the West. Soon the Wenro, Neutrals and the Erie will just be footnotes in the history books. You can read more about the Erie in the link below.
In this show we talk about the Lake Champlain monster and also two Iroquois stories. "Why Wood Duck Has Red Eyes" and "Why an Indian Never Shoots a Pigeon".
The Iroquois were nowhere and everywhere. As the Five Nations increase their influence they become a terror to the Huron Nations. Meanwhile Jesuit missionaries have arrived trying desperately to save the souls on both sides from hellfire.
Henry Hudson sails for the flag of the Netherlands and finds the river that bears his name in 1609. Within a few years Dutch traders arrive to barter and acquire precious furs that are all the rage in Europe. The Five Nations make sure that they get the upper hand in the markets and begin to play the French and Dutch off each other.
Today we share three stories told by the Seneca Nation. The first is humorous tale about Fox and Raccoon trying to find out which of them is more crafty. The second is a story of when Bear and Turtle decide to have a race. The last is the most famous of the Seneca stories. The legend of their most revered site, Bare Hill.
In 1609 a Mohawk war party is utterly routed. The reason? Guns. Samuel de Champlain the Father of New France accompanied his new Huron allies on a raid into the land of the Iroquois. Indian warfare was about to drastically change. In all Champlain was a part of three battles involving the Iroquois. Two with the Mohawk and the third was a show down outside the capital city of the Onondaga.
Warfare was a way of life for everyone living in Northeastern America since before there was memory or record. Today we talk about how warfare was conducted pre-European contact. Also with the waves of epidemics destroying native populations the Iroquois Nations stepped up raids into neighboring regions looking for captives to assimilate into their communities.
To the Iroquois stories were a vital part of their culture. In this show we will share two of them. Turtle's Race with Beaver and How Bear Lost His Tail.
At the end of the 15th Century the Age of Discovery and Exploration was just beginning. In 1534 Jacques Cartier made contact with the Iroquoian peoples of the St. Lawrence River valley. It was all downhill from there. In fact things will never be the same. Old World pathogens will soon destroy anyone's way of life who happens to call the Americas home.
The Six Nations were not alone on the continent. There were many other nationalities that inhabited the north eastern woodlands. This week we will talk about where the Huron, Erie, Neutrals, Susquehannock, Mahican, Delaware and other nations lived at the time of first contact with the Europeans.
Mainly we hunt and fish these days for sport or for some extra game. For the Native Americans of the northeast however it could be life or death if they are not successful on a trip.
The Three Sisters (corn, beans and squash) are the staple foods of the Six Nations. They work together in symbiotic relationships. The corn supports the beans, the beans give nitrogen to the corn and squash. The squash covers the ground to keep out weeds and keep in moisture. Learn more about the foods and farming.
The Six Nations are further broken down into clans. Clans are represented by certain animals. The purpose is not just to divide a nation but in face to bring about unity and help in times of mourning. Listen in and see how clans are benefit to everyone in Iroquoia.
The Iroquois Constitution is the oldest surviving government structure in the Western Hemisphere. Join us as we explore how they govern and select their leaders.
The Five Nations of the Iroquois were locked in centuries of war, revenge killings, hate and cannibalism. Then a mysterious Huron man appeared on a quest to unite the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca peoples together under the Great Law of Peace. This would become the Iroquois Confederacy. A Native American government with equal rights and representative government that left Europeans in bewilderment. These are the histories and legends of the Haudenosaunee. The People of the Longhouse.